|Climos Files Provisional Patents Protecting The Commercialization Of Ocean Iron Fertilization
SAN FRANCISCO, California (November 20, 2007) -- Climos, a company
dedicated to removing carbon from the atmosphere, today announced a
Provisional Patent Filing with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
covering systems and methods needed for commercializing a technique
known as ocean iron fertilization.
Ocean iron fertilization involves the application of a trace amount
of iron to iron-limited regions of the ocean in order to accelerate the
growth of phytoplankton. This process has been demonstrated
experimentally in 12 publicly funded open ocean experiments since 1993.
A natural part of Earth's carbon cycle, phytoplankton production
sequesters over 3 billion tons of CO2 from the surface ocean to deep
water every year in a process referred to by oceanographers as the
"Biological Pump." Over the last billion years, this mechanism has been
primarily responsible for the concentration of over 80% of Earth's
mobile carbon in the deep ocean. Oceanographers first discovered in
1988 that iron is a limiting factor on phytoplankton productivity in
many of the world's oceans.
"Ocean iron fertilization has
been demonstrated experimentally at sea many times. However to prove a
specific benefit regulated carbon markets depend on precise carbon
measurement, rigorous accounting, known permanence and the ability to
track reductions transparently from initiation through retirement,"
said Dan Whaley, Climos CEO. "This filing protects key innovations we
have developed that are necessary to bring carbon reductions from
practice at sea to markets on land."
Drafting was led by Michael Shuster, Partner in the Intellectual
Property Group and Co-Chair of the Life Sciences practice at Fenwick
& West in San Francisco. "Protecting intellectual property involved
in an ocean-based operation presented an interesting challenge. We
employed a systems approach to connect activity at sea with Climos
technology on land used to quantify, value, and market carbon credits
generated by ocean fertilization activities. I believe that these
aspects of the technology represent the critical path in the commercial
application of ocean fertilization."
Climos is a company dedicated to removing carbon from the
atmosphere. Founded in California's Silicon Valley by entrepreneurs Dan
Whaley and Richard Whilden, Climos scientific research is overseen by
Dr. Margaret Leinen, former Assistant Director of Geosciences at the
National Science Foundation (NSF). Climos is guided by a Scientific
Advisory Board that includes some of the world's experts in ocean,
earth and climate science.